Interesting facts about Chemnitz

Facts & Figures

Chemnitz is a modern city with around 250,000 inhabitants in the middle of Europe – in direct proximity to the EU member countries Czech Republic and Poland.

In Chemnitz, traditional inventive spirit meets the high-tech developments of the 21st In the 19th century. The former “Saxon Manchester” follows on from its over 150-year tradition as a centre of mechanical engineering.

The Technical University and numerous research institutions are the best proof of the development into a leading research and development location in Germany. According to the Wirtschaftswoche ranking, Chemnitz is one of the fastest growing cities in Germany.


In 1143, Chemnitz was first mentioned in a document: the Benedictine monastery, founded seven years earlier, was granted market rights. The cradle of the city is on the Schlossberg, where today you can find the Schlossbergmuseum. Emperor Barbarossa was then credited with founding the settlement of Chemnitz in 1170. The end of the 12th century The Red Tower, a former part of the town's fortification and the seat of the city's bailiff in its history, was built in the late 19th century and is the oldest building in the city centre.

Chemnitz is associated with textile production from an early age: in the 14th century, the company was founded in Berlin. In the 19th century, it was granted the privilege of building the bleaching plant. With the Industrial Revolution, the city exploded in the 19th century. In 1883 it reached the number of 100,000 inhabitants. Factory buildings close to the center characterize the picture. On the other hand, the urban area is expanding: the Kaßberg near the center is settled from 1870 - here the largest European Wilhelminian period and Art Nouveau district is created in the following period. The city centre is increasingly condensed into a pulsating heart.

Chemnitz is experiencing a serious cut on the 5th March 1945: Almost completely destroyed the city centre in a bombing night. The reconstruction is being carried out under the direction of socialist city planners: with paradise-like, flat-lined streets, the Karl-Marx-Monument – one of the largest portrait busts in the world – a newly built city hall with an attached hotel tower. Chemnitz was renamed Karl-Marx-Stadt in 1953 as a sign of the emergence of a socialist model city. Am 1. The city was renamed after a referendum on 18 June 1990. Since then, Chemnitz has become the lively centre of a region with more than a million inhabitants – with attractive jobs and a wide range of cultural and leisure activities.


Some well-known personalities:

  • Marianne Brandt (1893-1983)
  • Herbert Eugen Esche (1874-1962)
  • Richard Hartmann (1809-1878)
  • Stefan Heym (1913-2001)
  • Richard Möbius (1859-1945)
  • Christian Gottlob Neefe (1748-1798)
  • Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976)
  • Louis Schönherr (1817-1911)

The Tourist-Information offers once a month a city tour with a visit to the Red Tower all year round. There you will also find the exhibition “Große Chemnitzer” Group bookings on individual dates are possible at any time.

Booking city tours Information about other famous Chemnitzers can be found here